Inventions: Mistakes and Improvements
Objectives: In this lesson, students will be able to identify inventions that happened as a result of a mistake. Students will be able to write an explanatory essay in which they discuss a time when a mistake they made turned into something positive. Students will also be able to identify that many inventions have been improved over time.
Students will create a timeline on the history of the bicycle, noting improvement made to this invention as well as identifying improvements made to inventions we use each day. Students will use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast bicycles of the past with present day bicycles.
Students will work collaboratively to make improvements to existing inventions and draw a diagram of the improved invention.
Description: In this lesson students will read articles about inventions that happened by mistake. They will also explore improvements made to inventions, and compare and contrast bicycles of the past with present day bicycles. Finally, students will work collaboratively to make improvements to an existing invention, and draw a diagram of the improved invention.
Targeted Standards in this Lesson
Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.7 Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.9 Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.5 With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 4 here.)
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1c Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.3 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.4 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
Common Core State Standards Grade 4 Math
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.4.MD.B.4-Represent and interpret data. Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements (Measure increments for time line)
New Jersey Core Content Standards - Social Studies
- 6.1.4.C.12- Evaluate the impact of ideas, inventions and other contributions of prominent figures who lived in New Jersey.
- 6.1.4.C.16- Explain how creativity and innovation resulted in scientific achievement and inventions in many cultures during different historical periods.
New Jersey Core Content Standards - Science
- 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge.
New Jersey Grades 3-5 Technology Standards
- 8.2.5.B.4- Research technologies that have changed due to society's changing needs and wants
- 8.2.5.C.3 - Research how design modification have lead to new products
Pacing Guidelines for Lesson 3:
This lesson will take three 45 minute periods.